The MBDA ASRAAM (Advanced Short-Range Air-to-Air Missile) - Missilehome



Eurofighter Typhoon Launches ASRAAM

Eurofighter Typhoon Launches ASRAAM

Photo: Geoffrey Lee/MOD Licence

Introduction

Specifications

Youtube Video

Links

Introduction

The ASRAAM or (Advanced Short-Range Air-to-Air Missile) features exceptional maneuverability (up to 60 g at sea level) with vectored thrust and a LOAL (Lock on after Launch) capability. The latter allows greater flexibility in combat with targets behind the launching aircraft being subject to attack. It also has a high speed of greater than Mach 3 (2,302 mph / 3704 kph). Indeed, the manufacturer MBDA claims it's the fastest within visual range (WVR) air-to-air misisle. A focal plane array provides a thermal image of the target, meaning it is far harder to escape a tracking missile. It was intended to complement the AMRAAM Medium Range Air-to-Air Missile and replace the aging Sidewinder. Because of changing circumstances, the U.S. withdrew support and Germany went on to develop their own missile: the IRIS-T. Meanwhile the ASRAAM entered service in 1998 with the UK for Tornado and Typhoon aircraft. Currently work is proceeding to integrate the weapon onto Royal Air Force F-35B's. The ASRAAM has seen some limited export success with both India and Australia as operators. India has ordered ASRAAMs for its Jaguar strike aircraft. It also is looking into equipping its Sukhoi Su-30MKI fleet with the missile, replacing the current Russian-built Vympel R-73 air-to-air missiles. Australia uses the ASRAAM with its F/A-18 Hornets but AIM-9X Sidewinders with its F/A-18E/F 'Super Hornets'.

First time F-35 firing ASRAAM missile

First time F-35 firing ASRAAM missile

Press Release MBDA

Specifications

NameASRAAM
TypeShort Range Air-to-Air Missile
ManufacturerMBDA
Cost>£200,000
PropulsionDual-Burn, High-Impulse Solid Rocket Motor
GuidanceIIR Focal Plane Array and Strapdown Inertial
Warhead22 lb (10 kg) HE Blast/Fragmentation
FuzingLaser Proximity and Impact
Weight194 lb (88 kg)
Length9.5 ft (2.9 m)
Diameter6.5 in (166 mm)
Rangein excess of 15.5 miles (25 km) 1 31 mi (50 km) 2
SpeedMach 3+ (2,302+ mph / 3704+ kph)

1 According to the manufacturer: MBDA
2 According to Military-Today and Global Security.org
3
4

Estimates vary by source, especially range.




Close-up of ASRAAMs on Typhoon

Close-up of ASRAAMs on Typhoon

Photo: Geoffrey Lee/MOD Licence
Typhoon with Weapons and Asraams

Typhoon with Laser Guided Bombs and ASRAAMs

Contains public sector information licensed under the Open Government Licence v3.0.


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Links

MBDA

Directory of U.S. Military Rockets and Missiles

Military-Today

Airforce Technology

Deagel Guide to Military Equipment and Civil Aviation

Think Defence.co.uk



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